Argentina’s existence was first brought to global attention when it was discovered by Spaniards in their pursuit of silver. At nearly three million square kilometers, Argentina is the largest country in South America and the eighth largest in the world. After experiencing conflict that usually succeeds decolonization, Argentina underwent a series of political and economic issues, but by the turn of the 20th century, it came to be South America’s wealthiest state. It now remains a high income, stable Latin nation.
The country’s financial success is reflected in the opulence of its capital, Buenos Aires. The city’s luxurious appeal, combined with the cultural experience Argentina offers, draws nearly six million tourists a year. However, tourism is not the nation’s primary industry. The majority of Argentina’s GDP is generated by manufacturing and financial business investments.
Argentinian culture largely parallels that of Spanish European immigrants, as their descendants make up most of the current population. The influence of African and indigenous cultures can be observed in society of well, mainly through artistic venues like music and film.
- As per the law, the President and Vice President of Argentina should be Roman Catholics.
- The ‘tango’ dance form came from Buenos Aires, and is the most popular Argentine dance.
- Argentina’s Moreno Glacier is one of the last advancing glaciers. This means that it is growing every year, rather than melting, or retreating.
- On August 27, 1920, Argentina made its first broadcast, making it one of the first nations with radio broadcasting capabilities. At this time, only 20 people had receivers.
- Argentianians are heavy media consumers, with 83 percent of Argentianians saying they watch TV nearly every day. They are also very avid moviegoers, ranking in the top 20 international box office markets.
- Argentina has the largest Italian population outside of Italy in the world. Many Italians immigrated to Argentina in the 1800s during a time of economic hardship in Italy.
- Argentina has had five different forms of currency in the past half-decade, the peso moneda nacional, peso ley, peso argentino, australes and finally, since 1992, the peso.
- In efforts to claim territory in Antarctica, Argentina sent a pregnant woman to the barren continent to complete her term in 1977. Her son became the first person born in Antarctica.
- The principal language in Argentina is Spanish, though there are large populations that speak Italian, German and English.
- Argentines eat a lot of meat and pasta dishes, a result of their large Italian population. They’re famous for their steakhouses and dulce de leche, a sweet caramel spread.