Once known as East Pakistan, the country changed its name to Bangladesh in 1971. It is the eighth-most populous country in the world, and its official language of Bengali is the seventh-most spoken language in the world. Bangladesh is a very fertile land, containing the Bengal delta—the largest delta in the world—which is formed with three of Asia’s largest rivers, the Ganges, Brahmaputra, and the Meghna. It also has 700 rivers in the country.
International investors have faith in the nation’s industrial and manufacturing sectors and have been pouring substantial sums of money into the country. The nation’s garment industry, along with their petroleum reserves, contributes to Bangladesh’s steady economic rise.
- The lauded economist Muhammad Yunis won the Nobel Peace Prize in 2006, making himself one of Bangladesh’s most respected people.
- Bangladesh houses the Historic Mosque City of Bagerhat, which is not only a UNESCO World Heritage Site, but also is Bangladesh’s most well-known ancient wonder.
- Bangladesh is home to the Sundarbans, the largest mangrove forest in the world. The word Sundarban is Bangla for ‘beautiful forest’
- On December 6, 1971, India became the first country to acknowledge Bangladesh as a legitimate nation.
- Agriculture is an important component of Bangladeshi society. More than half of the country’s population relies on farming to make ends meet.
- The Sundarbans, the majority of which exists within Bangladesh, is one of the greatest mangrove forests in the world and is home to over 250 species of bird as well as the rare, endangered Bengali tiger.
- In Bangladeshi culture, using one’s left hand to eat or give someone an item is considered disrespectful because the left hand is considered unclean.
- Bangladesh has rich, fertile soil due to the many throughout its terrain, but this geographic positioning is also a curse—the area experiences regular flooding and cyclones.
- Almost all residents speak the indigenous language, Bengali. English is also taught as a second language.
- The capital city, Dhaka, has a population of seventeen million people, making it one of the most densely populated cities in the world.