This Balkan nation is often mentioned in terms of a war-torn past marked by war crimes and great loss of life, but since the Bosnian War ended in 1995, Bosnia-Herzegovina (BiH) is bouncing back from destruction. According to research conducted by Fund for Peace, Bosnia-Herzegovina was the world’s most improved country, by economic standards, between the years of 2006 and 2014.
The capital, Sarajevo, is the largest city in the country. Sarajevo’s grand history spanning centuries, religious architecture, low entertainment costs, and beautiful landscapes have made it an increasingly appealing tourist destination. In 2006, the recovering city was deemed the 43rd best spot in the world for travellers, and as Bosnia slowly returns to its former glory, its rankings can be expected to rise. Bosnia’s official languages are Croatian, Bosnian and Serbian.
- Historians believe Bosnia has been inhabited since the Neolithic Age, making it one of the oldest countries in the world.
- Sarajevo, the capital of Bosnia, hosted the XIV Winter Olympics in 1984.
- Bosnia and Herzegovina used to be countries that comprised Yugoslavia, in conjunction with Kosovo, Slovenia, Serbia, Montenegro, Croatia and Macedonia.
- This nation has three presidents that share the title simultaneously. Each president represents one of the three ethnic groups in Bosnia-Herzegovina. They rotate responsibility for major duties every eight months to ensure equality.
- Bosnia-Herzegovina has no lyrics in its national anthem.
- Perucica is a Bosnian forest. It is one of Europe’s last primeval forests, meaning it has been largely undisturbed by human activity.
- The Sarajevo Film Festival attracts more than 100,000 people every year. When the event was first held in Bosnia’s capital in 1995, only 15,000 people attended.