Located on the Caribbean Sea, The Republic of Costa Rica is a Central American country with a population of around 4.5 million. Nearly a quarter of these people live in the capital city of San Jose and the metro area surrounding it.
The primary language spoken in Costa Rica is Spanish. However, there are still some native languages used. Also, around 10% of the adult population speaks English.
- In Costa Rica, males are called ‘ticos’ and females ‘ticas,’ a bit of a spin on the Spanish words for boy and girl, ‘chico’ and ‘chica.’
- Costa Rica contains over sixty volcanoes. Only seven of these sites are active, but Costa Rica’s Arenal volcano ranks among the top ten most active volcanoes. It showed very regular activity from 1968 to 2010.
- Natives of Costa Rica often eat at sodas. These are small restaurants that serve traditional Costa Rican meals with the common components of chicken with a side of a salad, rice and beans. Plates go for only $2 or $3.
- Costa Rica is the only country in the Western Hemisphere without an army or military of any kind.
- The Costa Rican government protects one-fourth of the country’s territory, making it one of the most protected lands in the world.
- Pura Vida, which means “pure life” is a well-known phrase reflecting life in Costa Rica—it is a common response to any questions such as “How are you?”
- Football (soccer) is the most popular sport in Costa Rica. The national team has played in several world cup tournaments.
- The literacy rate in Costa Rica is over 96 percent – one of the highest in Latin America.
- The national instrument of Costa Rica is the marimba – an instrument similar to the xylophone.