Egypt, also known as the Arab Republic of Egypt, is a transcontinental country, meaning that it occupies two continents. It starts at the northernmost edge of Africa and extends into the southwest tip of Asia by a land bridge. Egypt has over 90 million residents, and its capital city is Cairo.
The official language in Egypt today is Modern Standard Arabic. However, many other dialects of Arabic are spoken and written throughout the country. Foreign languages such as English, French and Italian are commonly taught in schools, as it is thought to be important to learn additional languages to improve the ability to communicate with others outside ones’ country.
- Egyptians have been known to have invented 365 days calendar and the 24-hour division of the day.
- Due to the intense heat they faced, ancient Egyptians began using cosmetics 5,000 years ago as a way to protect themselves from sunlight, rather than for beauty.
- Senet, a game played in ancient Egypt, is one of the oldest known board games of the world.
- Many Egyptians shaved off most of their bodily hair, including the head on their hair, to keep away lice and other insects. They would wear wigs instead.
- Egyptian were the first to practice holistic health.
- Over 130 ancient pyramids have been discovered throughout the country of Egypt—the largest of these is the Pyramid of Khufu.
- The ancient Egyptian alphabet contained over 700 different hieroglyphics. It took linguists years to discover the meaning behind these symbols.
- Ancient Egyptians were the inventors of many common products we still use today including pens, locks, paper and toothpaste.