El Salvador is the smallest country in Central America, but is the most densely populated. Over 6.38 million people live in an area that is just over 8,000 square miles. El Salvador has a tropical climate with pronounced wet and dry seasons. Temperatures are warm in the winter and hot in the summer.
Spanish is the official language of El Salvador. It is spoken by nearly everyone in the country. However, indigenous people do sometimes speak some form of their native tongue as well.
- El Salvador is known as the ‘Land of Volcanoes’, because of the perpetual risk of volcanic activity. The country has witnessed devastating earthquakes and is extremely vulnerable to hurricanes.
- The coastal riptides that are very common along El Salvador’s coast allow it to host many surfing competitions. It has become one of the world’s most popular surfing destinations.
- In 2001, El Salvador adopted the US dollar as its official currency.
- The largest city in El Salvador is called San Salvador—but there are several other large cities too, spreading the population evenly throughout the country.
- Many famed painters have called El Salvador home, including Augusto Crespin, Noe Canjura and Nicolas Shi.
- The largest football (soccer) stadium in Central America is located in El Salvador.