Officially known as the Islamic Republic of Iran, the country of Iran or Persia is the second largest country in the Middle East and the only country with a coastline on both the Caspian Sea and the Indian Ocean. The capital of Iran is Tehran.
The official language of Iran is Persian. However, even in modern Iran, it is quite common for regional languages to be spoken in towns and regions. In higher education, English is sometimes taught as it can make business relations outside the country easier.
- Persia, what Iran was known as until 1935, contained some of the oldest villages in the world.
- Iranian caviar has an international reputation for being some of the most exclusive and expensive foods in the world. The Almas variety of albino beluga sturgeon eggs runs upward of $25,000 for 2.2 lbs (1 kg).
- During Iranian meals, families sit on the floor around a ‘sofreh’, or tablecloth, which holds the dishes of food.
- Iranian girls and boys do not study together until they go to universities. Each gender is taught by educators of their own gender.
- Iranian literature is one of the earliest known throughout the world. The Persian language is thought of as a worthy conduit for poetry.
- Iran has three distinct calendar systems. Residents follow the Gregorian (Christian) calendar, Lunar calendar and the solar calendar.
- Iran is most likely the birthplace of the sport of polo. Despite this, the national sport is considered to be freestyle wrestling.