Lesotho is a mountainous African country, unique in that it is encompassed completely by South Africa. The current population of Lesotho is just over two million residents, of which around one-eighth live in the capital city of Maseru.
The primary language of Lesotho is Sesotho or Sotho. The country got its name from its language, as Lesotho roughly means, “the land of those who speak Sotho.” English is spoken widely in the country and used for administrative functions.
- In 2006, Lesotho celebrated 40 years of independence with a new flag. This flag has an unusual symbol, a black hat, representing the indigenous Basotho people.
- An enclave is a country that is completely surrounded by another country. Lestho is completely surrounded by South Africa and hence is an enclave.
- Lesotho is one of the most elevated countries in the world, and its geography features hills, highland plateaus and mountains. It is the country with the highest low point in the world with its lowest point being 1,500 meters above sea level.
- Nearly two-thirds of the country of Lesotho is mountain, earning the country the nickname “the mountain kingdom.”
- In 1967, in the mountains of Lesotho, a Basuto woman discovered a dazzling 601-carat diamond. The diamond is known as the Lesotho Brown and a number of brown diamonds have sporadically been discovered in these mountains since then.
- Diamonds are the icing on the cake as far as Lesotho’s trade and economy is concerned, and they are exported all over the world
- Lesotho is home to a famed ski resort, Afraski. This destination is 3,050 meters above sea level and gets a tremendous amount of snow during the cold season.
- One of the most famous articles of clothing in Lesotho is the Basotho, a large cone-shaped hat that is shaped to look like the mountains of Lesotho.