Macedonia, also known as The Republic of Macedonia or the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, is a country located in the Balkan Peninsula. Macedonia has a transitional climate, that ranges from Mediterranean to continental. What this means is that Macedonian winters are moderately cold, whereas the summers are dry and hot.
Macedonian, a language similar to Bulgarian, is the most widespread language in the country. However, many residents also speak Turkish, Albanian, and Romani, among other languages. Many residents are bilingual.
- Macedonia is approximately the size of the state of Vermont and has a population of nearly 2 million people.
- Macedonian Stonehenge is a megalithic observatory and was built over 4,000 years ago to study the sun and the moon.
- A small city in Macedonia, Strumica, hosts a Mardi Gras party just like New Orleans and Rio, only a month later.
- Lake Ohrid, located in Macedonia, is one of the oldest and deepest lakes known to man, and it’s estimated that at least 200 species of plants and animals are found in this lake that aren’t found anywhere else on earth.
- The city of Ohrid has one church for every day of the year.
- Kokino is an astronomic observatory located in Macedonia, near the town of Kumanovo. It is the fourth oldest observatory in the world.
- Macedonia’s single UNESCO World Heritage Site is the city of Ohrid, a very well preserved ancient human settlement which shows evidence of human activity from the Bronze Age to the Middle Ages.
- Mother Teresa of Calcutta,who was awarded the highest honor or Nobel Prize for Peace in the year 1979 was born in Skopje, the capital city of the Republic of Macedonia.There are numerous monuments to her in the country.
- Macedonia has a larger number of mountains and mountain peaks than any other country in the world. The country has as many as 34 mountain peaks.