Moldova, a landlocked country in Eastern Europe, is located in between Romania and Ukraine. The capital city is Chisinau, and there is an estimated population of around 3 million residents, as of 2014. The proximity of the Black Sea leads to a mild, sunny climate.
The official language of Moldova is Romanian. Other minority languages spoken in the country include Russian and Ukrainian. Russian, English and French are also often taught in schools.
- In its 2001 elections, Moldova elected a Communist as its president, making it the first former Soviet nation to do so.
- The flag of Moldova is one of only three in the world (the others are Paraguay and Saudi Arabia) that are different on each side.
- Moldova has the smallest artillery force in Europe.
- Moldova is widely known for its wine production industry. The largest underground wine cellar in the world, called Cricova, is located in Moldova.
- Moldova is named after a river as the political center was located in the valley of Moldova River.
- Moldova is also the home for one of the largest caves in the world. The cave, situated in Criva, is said to also have the longest underground path.
- A large elephant-like animal called a Denoterium used to live in the area that is now Moldovia. The skeleton of this beast is now on display in museums in the region.