The Federal Republic of Nigeria, located in West Africa, is made up of 36 distinct states. Although its most populous city is Lagos, Nigeria’s capital is in the city of Abuja. Nigeria is home to 134 million inhabitants, making its population the largest in Africa and the seventh largest in the world.
The official language of Nigeria is English, but over 500 other languages are spoken in the country. Nine of these are now extinct, and in parts of Nigeria, ethnic groups traditionally speak multiple languages.
- At the end of 1986, Nigerian Wole Soyinka became the first black writer to win a Nobel Prize for Africa.
- Curiously enough, more twins are born in Nigeria than anywher elese in the world. This is still an unexplained phenomena, but some chalk it up to the amount of yams that Western Africans eat.
- Nigeria is the most populous country in Africa.
- In 1956, Shell-BP unearthed oil at Oloibiri in the Niger Delta. Subsequently, the Niger Delta’s Port Harcourt became the heart of Nigeria’s highly profitable oil industry.
- Nigeria’s main rivers, the Niger and the Benue, join before emptying out into the Niger Delta. As a result, the Niger Delta ranks among the top ten largest river deltas worldwide.
- The Nigerian film industry is often referred to as Nollywood. Surprisingly, Nigeria is the second largest producer of films in the world after Hollywood.
- The food in Nigeria is known for its richness and variety. Palm oil is commonly used to create delicious sauces, and chili peppers give food its spice.
- The national sport of Nigeria is football (soccer.) The Nigerian team has made the World Cup on five occasions—most recently in 2014.