The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, colloquially termed the United Kingdom or Great Britain, is a European nation. The 2016 population estimate of the country is just over 65 million residents.
The United Kingdom’s de facto language is English. While around 95% of the population does not speak another language with any regularity, there are four Celtic languages that are also recognized as unofficial languages in the country.
- When the Romans invaded England, London was still named Londinium. After this, in the Saxon times, its name got changed to Lundenwic, then during Alfred the Great’s rule, it was known as Lundenburg.
- The London Eye or Millennium Wheel of the city is the tallest ferris wheel in Europe.
- The London Underground public transportation system, built in 1863, and popularly called the ‘Tube’, is the first metro of the world.
- Windsor Castle of London is the largest and oldest castle in the world that is still in use.
- Many sports are popular in the United Kingdom. However, football (soccer), rugby, cricket and horseracing are probably the most popular today. The UK representation at the winter and summer Olympics is usually impressive.
- The flag of UK is one of the most recognizable in the world. It is called the Union Flag or Union Jack and was created in 1606.
- Many famed actors and actresses called the UK home at one time. Some of the most popular include: Charlie Chaplin, Laurence Olivier, Peter Sellers, Anthony Hopkins, Sean Connery and Daniel Day-Lewis.