Located south of China, Vietnam is the most eastern country on the Indochina Peninsula. Since 1975, when South and North Vietnam united, the capital city has been Hanoi. There are currently around 90.5 million residents calling Vietnam home, spread throughout the country.
The official language of Vietnam is Vietnamese. Much of the population speaks and writes only Vietnamese. Years ago, French was popularly spoken and taught in schools and is still taught in some areas today. Still, English has become more popular as a second language since Vietnam’s ties with the western world have strengthened.
- Vietnam is the world’s second largest exporter of rice, behind Thailand.
- In Vietnamese schools, instead of bells, gongs are used to call children.
- There is a huge level of biodiversity in the relatively small country of Vietnam. In fact, over 16% of the world’s species can be found in Vietnam.
- While Hanoi is the capital of Vietnam, the largest city is Ho Chi Minh City with a population of around 7.5 million.
- Madame Ngo Dinh Nhu from Vietnam was one of most elegant women of the 20th century.
- Ha Long Bay has been recognized as a World Natural Heritage Site by UNESCO.
- Some of the most popular sports in Vietnam include football (soccer), table tennis, badminton, martial arts, and volleyball.